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Charaka Shareera Sthana 1st Chapter Katithaapurushiyam Shareeram

1st chapter of Charaka Shareera sthana offers on understanding of structure of the Physique. The chapter title is Katidha purushiyam Shareeram.

Empirical Soul

We will now discover the chapter coping with the a number of of the “Empirical Soul” and so on, conducive to the understanding of the structure of the physique. Thus mentioned Lord Atreya [1-2]
Learn – Prakriti – Dosha Physique Kind Options As Per Grasp Charaka

Queries of Agnivesha

What are the divisions of the ‘Empirical Soul’ in line with the division of Dhatus (components)?
Why is the “Empirical Soul’ thought of to be the reason for the physique?
What’s origin of “Empirical Soul’’?
Is he clever (perceivable) or ignorant (non-perceivable)? Is he everlasting or ephemeral?
What’s structure? What are deformities / derivatives? What are ten signs (traits) of the soul?

Those that have experience in religious science describe the “Empirical Soul” as

  • devoid of motion
  • unbiased
  • having self management
  • completely free
  • all pervasive
  • knower of the physique and 
  • a witness / spectator

When is the “Empirical Soul” devoid of motion; how does motion emanate from him?
When he’s unbiased why does he take origin from (among the many) undesired wombs / undesirable species?
Learn – Atma – The Soul: Varieties, Life Cycle

If the soul is below self management (has gained management over all his senses) why is he forcibly enveloped by (influenced by) the feelings? (It means to inform ‘If he’s completely free, how is He overpowered with depressing beliefs?’)
If he’s in all places, is He not conscious of all miseries of everybody?
If He’s omnipresent, how does He not visualize issues interrupted by (past) the hills and partitions?
Which comes first- the physique or the knower of the physique (soul)? There’s at all times confusion about this.
Learn – Significance Of Soul In Notion Of Data: Atma Jnana

Kshetra (physique) is the one which must be identified. If there is no such thing as a knower then it’s no use telling ‘kshetrajna (the one who resides within the kshetra i.e. soul)’. It is because if there’s kshetra solely then there shall be a knower of kshetra. If we first settle for the existence of kshetra, we’d have to simply accept that kshetrajna (soul) is anitya (impermanent, transient).
If there doesn’t exist one other doer to do the actions aside from atma (soul) then to what and whom is the soul ‘the witness / observer’ of (then whom does the soul observe or type a witness to)? It means to inform that when somebody does the actions, the opposite one who observes these actions could be thought of as witness or observer. However we name the soul as observer / witness of the actions. If there is no such thing as a different doer of motion aside from the soul, then whom does the soul observe?

The soul is thought to be ‘devoid of deformities’, then how does this soul expertise ‘happiness and grief’?
Out of the three forms of ache / miseries of a affected person, i.e. teh previous one, the current one and the long run one, which one ought to the doctor deal with?

The longer term pains / miseries will not be in existence (not but been manifested) subsequently there is no such thing as a query of treating them.
The previous pains / miseries don’t exist and won’t recur.
The pains / miseries of the current time (which exist proper now) are momentary and don’t behave in a hard and fast means and so within the absence of continuity, it isn’t amenable to any therapy.

So the above talked about doubt at all times exists i.e. ‘which pains / miseries ought to the doctor deal with?’
Learn – Adhyatmika Gunas – Qualities Associated To Soul As Per Ayurveda

What are the causative elements of miseries (ailments)?
What are websites of their manifestation?
The place do all these miseries sub- merge after their treatment
What are the indicators which assist in the popularity of the “Empirical Soul” which is omnipresent, all –renouncing, devoid of all contacts, just one and tranquil?
Grasp Punarvasu, probably the most realized one and clever among the many different lot after listening to patiently all of the questions requested by Agnivesha gave appropriate replies to all of the queries.

Completely different ideas about Purusha

Purusha contains six Dhatus (components), i.e.

  • 5 Maha bhutas (of their delicate type) i.e. ether, wind, hearth, water and earthand
  • soul / consciousness

Even the component of consciousness alone constitutes Purusha. [16]

One other idea of Purusha comprising twenty-four elements
Purusha is once more mentioned to be made up of 24 dhatus / tattvas (entities). They’re –
Manas – thoughts – 1
Indriyas – sense organs and organs of motion (motor organs) collectively – 10 in quantity. They’re –

  1. 5 jnanendriyas i.e. sense organs – eyes, ears, nostril, tongue and pores and skin
  2. 5 karmendriyas i.e. motor organs – i.e. organs of speech, arms, legs (toes), anus and penis

Indriyartha – objects of sense organs – 5 in quantity i.e. imaginative and prescient / sight, sound, scent, style and contact
Prakriti – 8 in quantity –

Proof of Existence of Thoughts and its attributes

The 2 predominant traits of the thoughts are –

  • Gaining the data of one thing (understanding one thing)
  • Not gaining the data of one thing (not understanding one thing)

These two are reverse traits however each belong to the thoughts. That is the rationale why one understands one thing at a given level of time and generally he doesn’t perceive one thing else. This proves the existence of the thoughts as a separate sense organ. One doesn’t get the data of something when the soul, sense organs and sense objects are related. It is because the thoughts is absent within the affiliation. So when there is no such thing as a contact of the thoughts with the soul, sense organs and sense objects one don’t perceive issues. Alternatively one can perceive something when the thoughts will get related to the soul, sense organs and sense objects.

Under talked about are the qualities of the thoughts –

Objects of Thoughts

Under talked about are the topics of the thoughts –

  • To suppose – what to do and what not and specializing in these issues which want thought course of
  • To investigate / consideration – instance, ‘I might be benefitted if I do that, I might be at loss if I do that. and so on
  • To guess / creativeness / speculation – instance, to suppose ‘this may be the top results of any motion taking’
  • To meditate – upon no matter must be meditated upon / giving consideration or pondering upon
  • Dedication / willful choice – instance, taking a call after correctly analyzing each fragment of the motion by way of qualities and faults and figuring out ‘since that is useful it shall be thought of’
  • Something which will be identified or understood by the thoughts (with out the assistance of the sense organs) are thought of as topic issues of the thoughts.

Capabilities of the thoughts

  • Controlling the sense organs
  • Controlling self / self restraint
  • Imagining / making speculation and
  • Evaluation / consideration

Past that prospers the area of mind. [20-21]
Learn – 16 Components To Watch For A Wholesome Thoughts And Physique

Strategy of notion

When the thoughts will get related to the sense organs, the sense organs would understand their respective sense objects. The thoughts later would analyze the objects and determine and confirm whether or not they’re advantageous (must be accepted) or disadvantageous (must be rejected).

The mind which determines (the particular properties of the item impel a (sane) particular person to talk or act intelligently. [22-23]

Composition of sense-organs

The 5 sense colleges are made up of all of the 5 Mahabhutas however among the many 5 components of nature just one component shall be predominant in every sense organ. Fireplace component is predominant within the eye, water component within the tongue, earth component in nostril, ether in ears and wind component within the pores and skin.  They’re inferred from their 5 respective actions which function brokers for the manifestation of the mind. [24]
Learn – Earth Component – Qualities, Capabilities, Ailments, Remedy

Motor- organs and their capabilities

Motor organs are 5 in quantity i.e. arms, toes, anus, phallus and the organ of speech (tongue). Ft are helpful in locomotion, anus and phallus for voiding and arms for assortment and holding. The tongue represents the organ of speech. Speech is of two varieties, viz, true and false. The previous (true speech) will be in comparison with mild which illuminates the worldly life and the life after loss of life and the latter (false speech) to darkness which creates confusion. [25-26]

Attributes of 5 Mahabhutas

The 5 Mahabutas are Akasha (ether), vayu (wind), Agni (hearth), Jala (water) and Prthvi (earth). Their attributes are sound, contact, imaginative and prescient, style and scent respectively. [27]

 Mahabhutas and their attributes

Of the 5 Mahabutas talked about above, the primary one (i.e Akasha) has just one attribute. The variety of attributes within the succeeding Mahabutas goes on growing successively. The attributes of the previous ones are added to the succeeding ones respectively. [28]

Traits of Mahabhutas

Sl No Mahabhuta (Identify of the component of nature) Attribute characteristic That means
1 Prithvi – Earth Kharatva Roughness
2 Jala – Water Dravatva Liquidity
3 Vayu – Wind / Air Chalatva Mobility
4 Tejas – Fireplace Ushnatva Warmth
5 Akasha – Ether Apratighata Not being obstructed

All these traits are perceived by the tactile sense organ / sense organ of contact (pores and skin). Identical to the tactile sense organ i.e. pores and skin perceives contact sensation, it additionally perceives ‘absence of contact’. [29-30]
The qualities of the delicate and minute bhutas (sound, contact, sight and so on sensory objects / perceptions) residing within the physique will even be recognized and often known as the qualities of the mahabhutas (gross components). [31- 1]
 The sound and so on qualities that are perceived by the sense organs and are additionally the topics of the sense organs are referred to as as ‘arthas’ i.e. sense objects / objects perceivable by the sense organs. [31?]
Learn – Qualities Of 5 Primary Components (Vishishta Gunas) – Classification, Makes use of

Perceptive School

The knowledge or mind is related to the sense organs for notion of sensory objects and in addition to know them. The mind will get the title of the sense organ with which it’s related on the time of notion of that exact sense object.

Chakshusha Buddhi – the mind related to the attention – helps in notion of visible objects
Shravana Buddhi – the mind related to the ear, – helps in notion of sound
Spaarshana Buddhi – the mind related to the pores and skin – helps in notion of contact
Raasana Buddhi – the mind related to the tongue – helps in notion of style
Ghrana Buddhi – the mind related to nostril – helps in notion of scent
Manasa Buddhi – the mind related to thoughts – helps in notion of the data coming by means of numerous senses touching with the thoughts – accountable for psychological perceptions like nervousness, sorrow and so on

Why various kinds of the above-mentioned intellects exist?
Perceptual colleges / intellects are of a number of varieties. It is because the actions are of various varieties and the objects of sense organs are additionally of many varieties. The intellects is determined by these elements i.e. numerous sorts of actions and sense objects. All most of these mind are manifested because of its affiliation with soul, sense organs, and thoughts and sense objects. This implies to inform that any kind of data is obtained solely when all these colleges are related in a detailed knitted loop.

Examples for ‘manifestation of mind in several kinds’

The sound of click on is produced by the friction between finger and thumb, similar to the clap is produced when the arms (palms) collide with one another, and similar to the tunes are produced from the affiliation of guitar, its string and the nails (of the fingers). All these sounds are completely completely different from one another. Identical to this as a result of various kinds of mixtures of the soul, thoughts, sense organs and the objects of sense organs – completely different sorts of mind are produced / manifested. Identical to the sounds are shaped as a result of mixtures of what provides orgin to them, the mind additionally kinds as a result of mixture and affiliation of soul, thoughts, sense organs and sense objects. If these will not be related the mind isn’t manifested.  [32-34]
Learn – Manasika Doshas – Satva, Rajas, Tamas As Per Ayurveda

Purusha as co-ordinator

Rasi Purusha (Particular person shaped by collective amalgamation of 24 components) – We must always contemplate the soul to be the one who has adorned the mixture of (related to the mixture of) mind, senses (sense organs), thoughts and teh objects of the sense organs. Subsequently Avyakta (soul) is the co-ordinator par-excellence of perceptual college, sense organs, thoughts and the objects of sense. The mix of the above talked about (Verses 17-35) twenty 4 components is called Purusha. Being related to 24 components, the soul is known as as chaturvimshati purusha or rashi purusha. [35]

Contact of Purusha due to Gunas

The contact of Purusha with 24 components continues so long as he’s influenced by Rajas and Tamas. The second he eliminates Rajas and Tamas he’s free of contacts by advantage of the dominance of Sattva. [36]

Data of Purusha

It’s on this mixture of 24 components which is called Purusha, motion, fruit of motion, data, ignorance, happiness, distress, life, loss of life and possession are established. One, who dually is aware of this, is aware of the life, loss of life, continuity of the physique i.e. the sequence of the cycle of beginning and loss of life with rebirth adopted by loss of life, therapy (Bodily and religious) of ailments manifested within the present life time and in addition the strategies to realize freedom from the vicious cycle of life and loss of life and attain salvation and all different knowable objects. [37-38]
Learn – Purusha: Definition, Varieties, Attribute Options

Purusha as a causative issue

The arguments in assist of existence of the soul – If the doer, the one who experiences and the one who is aware of the whole lot i.e. Purusha weren’t there, expertise / data and ignorance or mild and darkness, reality or falsehood, the Vedas, good or unhealthy motion, couldn’t exist. If the existence of purusha isn’t believed then the abode of the soul i.e. this physique too wouldn’t have existed. There would even be no happiness, distress, motion / the soul leaving the physique (salvation), immobility / rebirth, speech, data, scriptures, beginning, loss of life, bondage or salvation. So Purusha is recognised as a trigger (of creation) by these properly versed within the concept of causality.

If Purusha isn’t recognised as a trigger, the above could be left with no trigger. There could be no consciousness, nor there any utility of theirs. [39-42]
Learn – Karma, Saguna, Ativahika Purusha – Definition, Composition

Baseless talks

This pot has been made by the mixture of mud, stick and wheel with out the involvement of the potter.
This home has been constructed by the mixture of mud, straw, beams, bamboo and sticks with out the involvement of an engineer.
Solely an individual who can inform this stuff would inform that the physique has been created by the mixture of 23 components with out the involvement and affiliation of the soul. It’s only an ignorant individual devoid of rational outlook and scriptural data who could make such statements. [43-44]

Causality of Purusha

All of the sources of data together with scriptural which function instrument for data of varied varieties set up the causality of Purusha. [45]
Learn – Affect Of Ayurveda in Darshanas: Evaluation, Rationalization

Nastika- opinions contradicting the eternity of the Soul

There are not any everlasting entities as such. No object which exists is everlasting. They’re shaped new and afresh after the beforehand current objects which seem just like them have been destroyed. This implies to inform that they’re produced afresh every time. They seem like the identical objects due to similarity of kind and type between them. It’s the folks and faculties of thought who consider in these ideas who inform that the dwelling beings are devoid of soul. It’s the dwelling beings and never the soul as such is doers and enjoyers of motion. This view is held by some faculties of thought (Buddhists and so on). [46-47]

Defects within the above mentioned concept
In response to them (i.e the pronouncers of the above concept, viz. Buddhists who don’t consider within the existence of a everlasting entity as Soul) the outcomes of motion carried out by one could be loved by another related (momentary entities) [48]

Causality of Purusha emphasised

The doer of motion, for instance a sculptor / engineer would possibly use completely different gear’s to perform his motion, however the doer is identical. He’s an environment friendly reason behind all actions by the advantage of his possession and command of the varied devices. Identical to this, the soul is just one, he performs many actions by means of completely different devices i.e. organs of the physique. So the doer is just one however he can accomplish numerous actions and grow to be the reason for them when he’s completed with many devices of actions and has command over them. [49]

Extra Proofs for causality of Purusha

Bodily components get destroyed at a price quicker than the short while; these destroyed don’t come again to their authentic type once more and the outcomes of the deeds (like Yajna) of 1 particular person will not be loved by one other particular person. The realized ones are subsequently of the view that there’s a everlasting entity often known as Purusha who’s causative issue for the motion entity often known as enjoyment of its fruits. [50-51]

Proof of the existence of soul

In dwelling beings, an element aside from the physique (i.e the soul) is accountable for ego, the fruits of motion within the type of pleasure or ache, engagement in motion, transmigration i.e. the soul transferring from one physique to the opposite and reminiscence of the person. [52]

Paramatman and Rashi Purusha

Because the supreme Soul doesn’t have any starting, so there’s nothing which can provide beginning to the soul (no beginning as such will be ascribed to him). In fact the empirical Soul (Purusha) who represents the mixture of 24 components is born out of trance, need, hatred / enviousness and motion. [53]
Learn – Paramatma – The Larger Soul: Distinction Between Jivatma And Ishwara

Strategy of notion

The empirical Soul is endowed with the facility of notion and has data of the whole lot. It perceives issues when it will get related to the sense organs (sense colleges, thoughts and mind). If these devices of notion are both absent (not in affiliation with the Empirical Soul) or impeded, then there shall be no notion. One can’t get the true mirrored image of a picture from a mirror which is roofed with grime or from water which is muddy. Comparable is the case when the thoughts and so on. will get stricken. [54-55]

Co-ordination of varied elements for notion

The devices of data are thoughts, mind, sense organs and organs of motion. Their affiliation with the Doer (Empirical Soul) leads to motion, sensations like pleasure and ache and data / understanding.  The empirical Soul alone (within the absence of devices of data) does neither provoke motion nor benefit from the fruit of motion. Mixture of all these elements is accountable for the manifestation of all actions. If the affiliation between the soul and the opposite components doesn’t happen no actions happen. [56-57]
Learn – How Data Is Gained By means of Sense Organs?

Empirical Soul and Manifestations

The empirical Soul not alone however accompanied with devices of data is accountable for the manifestation of issues that exist. Issues don’t manifest with out their causal elements. Then we get a query ‘do void / non-existence of issues’ too have causes? The reply isn’t any. The method of decay then again being too fast in succession doesn’t want any trigger as such. [58]

Absolute Soul and Empirical Soul

Absolute Soul doesn’t have a starting (origin) and subsequently is everlasting. The Empirical Soul (i.e the mixture of 24 components) being brought on by one thing (i.e. causes like ignorance, need, hatred, motion, righteousness and non-righteousness and so on) isn’t so i.e it has a starting and is ephemeral.
All that exist with out trigger is everlasting. This implies to inform that something which will be identified in on a regular basis traces (previous, current and future) and would not have any causes which produce them is everlasting. Something produced from a trigger is ephemeral i.e. something which exists and which is produced by different causes is emphemeral. [59]

Absolutely the Soul can’t be perceived by something, for eternity isn’t brought on by something. So absolutely the Soul is unmanifested and imperceptible. The manifested creation is in fact in any other case i.e. these issues that are identified by means of their manifestation i.e. the purusha made up of 24 components is emphereal, manifested and perceived.
Absolutely the Soul is unmanifested, knower of creation, everlasting, common and indestructible. The manifested creation (Empirical Soul) is in fact in any other case. One other means of distinguishing manifested issues from the unmanifested one is that the previous will be perceived by sense colleges. The latter is transcendental in nature and is imperceptible; it will possibly solely be inferred (fairly than acquired) i.e. is past the notion of senses. [60-62]
Learn – Relation Between Doshas, Sense Organs And Notion

Twenty- 4 Components

Eight Prakritis – The 5 delicate components (Sabdanmatra, Sparsatanmatra, Rupatanmatra, Rasatanmatra and Gandhatanmatra), Buddhi (mind), Avyakta (Prakrti or nature) and Ahamkara (ego) are the eight sources of creation.
Sixteen Vikritis – Transformations (vikara) are sixteen in quantity. They’re – 5 sense colleges, 5 motor colleges, thoughts and 5 mahabhutas i.e. components of nature. [63-64]
Learn – Prakriti – Ayurveda Physique Varieties, Significance In Remedy And Cures

Ksetra and Ksetrajna

All these components taken collectively, besides the unmanifested one (avyakta) is called Ksetra i.e corpus. The unmanifested one is called Ksetrajna (knower of the corpus). [65]

Strategy of creation

The mind (buddhi) originates from Avyakta (unmanifested, soul). Ego (Ahamkara) will get manifested from mind (buddhi). From Ego the delicate types of 5 Mahabhutas i.e. tanmatras get manifested i.e. akasha and so on. Later the vikaras i.e. 16 transformations are shaped so as. The empirical Soul thus manifested in its entirety is thought to be born. [66-67]
Learn – Affect Of Ayurveda in Darshanas: Evaluation, Rationalization

Strategy of dissolution

Throughout the time of destruction of the age, the Purusha (soul) once more dissociates himself from all of the manifestations meant for his enjoyment, viz, Buddhi and so on. The 5 components get absorbed into their delicate kinds i.e. tanmatras. The tanmatras and eleven senses (5 sense organs, 5 motor organs and thoughts) get absorbed into the ego. The ego will get dissolved into the mind and the mind will get absorbed into the avyakta (the unmanifested). The universe is created from the unmanifested stage to the manifested one throughout creation, after which absorbed again once more from the manifested stage to the unmanifested one throughout complete annihilation.

Those that are connected to rajas and Tamas and those that are egoistic repeatedly bear the method and cruel cycle of beginning and loss of life; others don’t. These indulged in and connected to the dualties like need, hatred, selfishness, intoxication, lust, anger and so on and those that are enveloped by egoism shall be born and also will die i.e. they’re put into the cycle of life and loss of life. Those that are free from raja and tama qualities and in addition from egoism and faulty data is not going to suffer from the vicious cycle of life and loss of life (would attain salvation). [67-69]
Learn – Persona Varieties And Options Primarily based On Satva, Rajas, Tamas

Proofs for the existence of absolute soul

The next is the proof of the existence of absolutely the soul:
Inspiration and expiration
Twinkling / blinking of the attention
Psychological notion (e.g arriving at a far distant place like Pataliputra in creativeness)
Shift from one object of sense organ to a different (e.g shift from visible notion to tactual notion)
Mobility and stability of thoughts
Journey to a different nation in goals
Anticipation of loss of life
Data of one thing visualised in the precise eye by the left eye
Need, hatred, happiness, distress, effort, consciousness, stability, mind, reminiscence and ego

All these are indicators of the dwelling individual. These indicators will not be out there in a lifeless physique. So they’re thought of to be the proof for the existence of absolutely the Soul. When that soul departs, the physique turns into vacant and is disadvantaged of consciousness; solely the 5 Mahabhutas stay. So a lifeless individual is claimed to have attained the state of 5 Mahabhutas (Panchatva). [70-74]
Learn – Ayu – That means, Rationalization, Varieties Of Lifespan

 Thoughts and Soul

The thoughts is devoid of consciousness however has motion. It’s the soul which lends the consciousness to the thoughts. When the soul will get related to the thoughts, the actions finished by the thoughts residing within the soul (in affiliation with the soul) shall be thought of because the actions finished by the soul. The soul has consciousness. Subsequently, it’s mentioned to be the agent of motion (one who does / is accountable for all motion). Although it possesses of motion the thoughts is claimed to be devoid of motion since it’s devoid of consciousness. [75-76]

Duty for transmigration

The soul will take itself from itself into completely different species (as life component in several species of life) in accordance with the outcomes of the actions finished by self (beforehand). None else is accountable for the transmigration of dwelling being from one species to a different [77]

Freedom of motion of the soul
The soul is completely free to behave as he pleases. He’s nonetheless obliged to benefit from the fruits of his motion. He’s additionally free to regulate his thoughts and to eliminate the outcomes of fine or unhealthy acts of his personal.  [78]
Learn – Cluttered Thoughts – Get Rid Of The Large Hurdle Between You And Success

Limitation within the energy of notion of soul

Although, soul is all pervasive his sensations are restricted to the physique wherein he resides. He can solely understand the sensations of solely that physique adorned by its personal sense organ of contact – pores and skin (he perceives the sensations within the physique wherein he resides relying on the contact of the sense organs with their respective sense objects). His sense organs (sense organs of the physique wherein he resides) can’t attain the physique of different dwelling beings. That is the rationale the soul can’t understand all sensations skilled by the opposite our bodies. [79]

Omnipresence of Soul

The soul is omnipresent as a result of he pervades all the universe and is nice. Since he’s sure inside a single physique (despite being omnipresent) his sensory perceptions are restricted (to solely the physique wherein he resides). His subject of motion is restricted to the physique alone (although he’s all pervasive and current in all our bodies) due to his common and phone with the thoughts which performs all of the actions of that physique. When the soul step by step will get the thoughts below its management he ran understand issues despite (spatial, temporal or materials) these issues being obstructed (past the wall, display or mountain) or hidden by one thing else. For the reason that soul is consistently related to the thoughts concerned in all actions of the physique and since he can’t see the issues past obstructions (because of fixed affiliation with the thoughts) the soul must be thought of to be current in just one physique despite figuring out that he’s all pervasive (current in all our bodies). [80-81]

Beginninglessness of Soul
The soul is beginningless and so is the method of evolution of the varied components. Thus, it isn’t potential to find out as to which one precedes the opposite. [82]

Soul as witness
It’s only he who is aware of issues can stand as a witness. The one who doesn’t know something and the inert issues like stone and so on can’t grow to be witness of something (Issues can’t be witnessed by unconscious objects like stone). So all attributes, actions and so on., of Bhutas are witnessed by the Soul (who alone is knower of issues). [83]
Learn – Vata Dosha – Mastermind Behind All Physique And Thoughts Actions

Sensations and Soul

Absolutely the Soul is one and just one. He’s inaccessible by any indicators or signs. Being inaccessible he has no sensation. It’s only the contractual or the empirical soul who has sensations. For, these sensations don’t represent the attributes of the soul as such. They in actual fact come up out of the contacts (of the sense organs with their objects) [84- 85]

Remedy of ailments of previous, current and future

The precept, on which the therapy of ailments pertaining to the previous, current and future is predicated, is as follows:

Ailments of the previous
Recurrence of headache, fever, cough and vomiting establishes the truth that ailments of the previous do relapse. Some even say ‘the time of prevalence of the varied ailments of the previous’ has come as soon as once more.  The therapeutic gadgets meant for assuaging such recurring ailments by contemplating the previous historical past (of such ailments) and in addition the time interval of their prevalence (recurrence) are thought of because the ‘therapy of the ailments of the previous’.

Ailments of the long run
To be able to forestall the flood waters from damaging the crops as they did previously, a dam is constructed as a safety measure. Equally some therapeutic gadgets are designed and the medicines are prescribed to forestall sure ailments that are prone to assault dwelling beings in future after having thought of the premonitory signs of the ailments and inferring the time of prevalence of ache or illness. This therapy pertains to prevention of future ailments.

Ailments of the current
The successive continuity of aliments is checked by therapy conducive to the continuity of happiness and well being is established. When one takes the therapies which might set up happiness and well being and in addition would keep away from taking the causative elements which might trigger ailments, the ailments will not be shaped. And the ailments would get destroyed by themselves. For the reason that individual can be taking the therapies which might set up well being and happiness, well being and happiness too could be established. For the reason that etiological elements are stored away, the ailments which might happen in future too are aborted of their untimely phases and therefore the well being shall be established. Because of the fixed observe of consumption of the causes (issues) which might set up happiness and well being, the state of equilibrium of tissues and physique elements shall be established. When this state is maintained the individual would take pleasure in complete well being.
Learn – Contributory Components for a Illness – Ayurvedic View Level

The state of equilibrium of Dhatus isn’t disturbed neither is the imbalanced state of dhatus dropped at normalcy with out the involvement of some causative elements. It’s the causative elements which decide the equilibrium or imbalance of the Dhatus. So a doctor treats the ailments pertaining to the previous, current and future. [86- 94]

Wishes and miseries

Naishtiki Chikitsa – Absolute eradication of miseries is known as as nishtha. The therapies finished to realize this are referred to as as naishtiki chikitsa. The key of success of this therapy is ‘elimination of upadha’ i.e. an irregular thirst referred to as need which retains one connected to this materialistic world and is a reason behind all miseries. Need is the basis reason behind all miseries. Elimination of need is the eradication of all miseries. 
The agony of beginning and loss of life (cycle of beginning and loss of life) is the best distress and the physique is the abode of miseries. Subsequently rejection / elimination of every kind of upadha – wishes is the very best methodology of preserving away all of the ailments.

A silk-worm produces and weaves round it the silk threads which might trigger its loss of life.  Equally an ignorant individual, sure with worldly miseries, supplies for himself and weaves round him the ‘threads of loss of life’ of need arising out of the varied objects. A clever one who abstains from the objects of senses, contemplating them as harmful as burning hearth would hold self indifferent from the rajas and tamas qualities. He is not going to indulge himself in any actions which can push him to adorn this bodily physique to expertise the fruits of these actions i.e. he would hold himself out of wishes and materialistic attachments. By not starting the actions which might hold him connected to the wishes and attachments to the materialistic world and consequently being not embedded within the bodily physique he’ll get freedom from the miseries. [94-97]
Learn – Remedy For Extra Wishes – Naishtiki Chikitsa

Explanation for miseries

Impairment of mind, braveness (persistence) and reminiscence, creation of the maturity (of the end result) of time and motion and unwholesome contact with the objects of senses is taken into account to be the causative elements for miseries. [98]

Impairment of mind

If one thing everlasting is seen as ephemeral and one thing dangerous, and Vice Versa, that is indicative of the impairment of mind, for the Mind usually views issues as they’re. [99]

Impairment of Persistence

A thoughts indulging in worldly enjoyments can’t be restrained from dangerous objects as a result of impairment of braveness / persistence. It’s persistence which may restrain the thoughts (from its dangerous objects). [100]

Impairment of reminiscence

If reminiscence is impaired because of an individual being overcome by Rajas and tamas, this is called the impairment of reminiscence. Usually reminiscence accommodates the whole lot memorable. [101]
Learn – Easy Suggestions To Enhance Reminiscence And Combat Reminiscence Loss

Mental Blashphemy

An individual whose mind, braveness / persistence and reminiscence are impaired; the actions he does shall be untowads and unhealthy. These inauspicious or unhealthy actions finished by the individual are referred to as as prajnaparadha i.e. mental blasphemy. This mental blasphemy aggravates all of the Doshas i.e. the bodily doshas (vata, pitta and kapha) and the psychological doshas (rajas and tamas). 

Forcible stimulation of pure urges (when they don’t seem to be manifested) and suppression of the manifested ones (that are about to get expelled), exhibition of undue power – being over adventurous compared to one’s capability / power, over indulgence in sexual act, negligence of the time of therapy, insufficient, extreme and irregular use of cleaning therapies – emesis, purgation, decoction enemas, oil enemas and errhines, lack of modesty and good conduct, disrespect for respectable ones, enjoyment of dangerous sense objects purposefully i.e. sound, contact, sight, style and scent, resorting to the extraordinary causative elements that are accountable for the causative of insanity, premature actions / roaming round in restricted / prohibited locations, friendship with individuals of unhealthy actions, avoidance of the wholesome prompts described in Sutra 10: 19:28, malice, self-importance, worry, anger, greed, ignorance, intoxication and bewilderment or unhealthy actions arising out of any of them or different bodily evil acts arising out of Rajas and Tamas represent mental blasphemy resulting in the causation of varied illnesses. [102-108]
Learn – Vega Dharana: Suppression of urges, varieties, signs, and administration

Mental blasphemy and thoughts

Mental pseudo-conception (notion of improper data by the mind or data which isn’t ‘as it’s’) and improper conduct (mind getting indulged in actions in an improper means) characterize mental blasphemy. (This is called mental blasphemy as) alt this falls below the purview of the thoughts. [109]
Learn – Sadvritta In Ayurveda – Code Of Conduct For Wholesome Life

Temporal ailments

Illnesses induced because of modifications in time / seasons are already described in Sutra 17: 114. It has been defined there, how Pitta and different Doshas get amassed, aggravated and alleviated (relying on seasonal variation). Misguided, extreme and insufficient use / manifestation of the seasons trigger dosha imbalances and trigger ailments pertaining to these seasons.

Pitta, kapha and vata get aggravated throughout digestion, instantly after consumption of meals and after full digestion of meals respectively and trigger ailments in accordance to the aggravation of doshas.

Pitta, kapha and vata get aggravated because of meals getting processed in irregular time, premature consumption of meals and premature digestion of meals respectively and trigger associated ailments.
Kapha, Pitta and Vata get aggravated within the early hours of the morning, afternoon and night respectively.
Kapha, Pitta and Vata get aggravated within the first, second and third elements of the evening and trigger ailments accordingly.
The doshas naturally get aggravated throughout these time intervals and the ailments which get manifested throughout these instances are referred to as as Kalaja ailments i.e. ailments induced as a result of impression of time and associated dosha imbalance equivalent to that point. [110-112]
Learn – Charaka Samhita Sutrasthana Chapter 1 – Quest For Longevity

Examples of Temporal ailments
Ailments like Anyedyuska (quotidian fever which happens at a hard and fast time day-after-day), Dvyahagrahi (reverse quotidian fever), and Trtiya (tertian fever which which happens at an interval of two days) manifest themselves at mounted hours as they get power solely at such hours. [113]

Time of therapy of temporal ailments
A doctor acquainted with the power of time of prevalence of ailments ought to deal with this and different related ailments previous to their precise manifestation. [114]

Pure ailments
The ailments arising out of temporal elements that result in previous age and loss of life are to be thought of as pure ones, and pure manifestations are irremediable. [115]

Actions of previous life and ailments
The motion carried out within the earlier life which is called Daiva (destiny) additionally constitutes causative elements for the manifestation of ailments sooner or later of time. [116]
Learn – Daiva Vyapashraya Chikitsa – Divine Therapies of Ayurveda

Remedy of karmaja Ailments

There isn’t any main motion (carried out within the earlier life) which doesn’t result in the corresponding outcomes. Ailments arising out of such actions will not be amenable to any therapeutic measures. They’re cured solely after the outcomes of previous motion are exhausted i.e absolutely loved [117]

Unwholesome contacts with Senses

1. Insufficient, extreme or faulty contact of auditory sense
The auditory sense college is impaired by the listening to of excessively loud sounds or low sound or not listening to the sounds in any respect. Listening to in extra of tough, terrifying, inauspicious or disliked sounds or sounds which point out distress, catastrophe or loss of life represent the incorrect utilization of the auditory sense organ.

2. Insufficient, extreme or faulty contact of tactile sense
Insufficient, extreme or faulty utilization of organ of contact i.e. pores and skin may cause pores and skin problems of varied varieties.
Touching the touchable issues in an insufficient means (deficit publicity) or not touching them in any respect is taken into account as deficit contact of organ of contact.
Touching the touchable issues in an extreme means (extreme publicity) or touching too sizzling or too chilly issues in extra is taken into account as extreme contact of organ of contact.
Each these lower the power of sense organ of contact.
Premature contact with toxic germs (?), Toxic wind, and unctuous, hot and cold substances constitutes incorrect –utilization of tactile sensation.

3. Insufficient, extreme or faulty contact of visible sense
Insufficient, extreme or faulty utilization of sense organ of visible notion i.e. eyes may cause completely different eye problems.
Seeing dazzling objects in extra is taken into account as extreme contact of the sense organ of imaginative and prescient i.e. eyes.
Seeing extraordinarily delicate and smaller issues in extra or by absolute non-utilization of visible college is taken into account as deficit contact of the sense organ of imaginative and prescient.
Seeing undesirable, terrific, despicable, objects and objects positioned at a distance or in shut proximity excessively – constitutes the wrong- utilization of visible college. Imaginative and prescient can be impaired by the contact of the visible college with faint objects.

All these three will both make the imaginative and prescient weak or destroy the imaginative and prescient completely.

4. Insufficient, extreme or faulty contact of gustatory (style) sense
Insufficient, extreme or faulty utilization of sense organ of style notion i.e. tongue may cause completely different style associated problems.
Consuming any explicit style in extra is taken into account as extreme contact of the sense organ of style – tongue.
Consuming anyone, two or three tastes or under no circumstances taking them or taking them in much less amount is taken into account as deficit contact of the sense organ of style.
Taking the tastes in opposition to one’s compatibility / suitability, or taking the tastes in an erratic means i.e. generally consuming a style and another style at another time, or taking one style in extra and different tastes in lesser proportions is taken into account as faulty contact of sense organ of style.

All these three are dangerous for the physique.

5. Insufficient, extreme or faulty contact of olfactory (scent) sense
Insufficient, extreme or faulty utilization of sense organ of scent notion i.e. nostril may cause completely different scent associated problems.
Taking too gentle scent or not smelling something in any respect is taken into account as deficit contact of organ of scent.
Taking too robust / sharp scent is taken into account as extreme contact of organ of scent.
Inhalation of scent of putrefied objects, germs and toxic in addition to unseasonal scent constitutes wrong-utilization of olfactory college.
These are the three forms of unwholesome contact of senses with their respective objects which irritate the Doshas. [118-127]
Learn – Improper Use Of Sense Organs: A Uncared for Trigger For Ailments


A factor which isn’t conducive to the physique is thought to be Asatmya or unwholesome. [127]

Aindriyaka ailments

When a illness is brought on by incorrect utilization, extreme utilization and insufficient utilization (non-utilization) of sense colleges it is called “Aindriyaka” i.e a illness brought on by the impairment of senses. [128]
These are the elements accountable for miseries. Equitable utilization (of time, mind and objects of sense colleges) brings about happiness. This equitable utilization is tough to realize. [129]
Learn – Unhealthy Prognosis Primarily based On Odor, Contact, Style, Color And Voice

 4-fold mixture

Neither the sense organs nor their objects alone can result in happiness or miseries. Correct utilization of sense organs will result in happiness and well being. Alternatively the opposite three types of utilization of sense organs i.e. faulty, extreme or deficit / non utilization are accountable for miseries / ailments. Even when there are sense organs and their objects current, there could be neither illness nor any happiness until there’s affiliation between the sense organs and their objects. So this mix itself constitutes a causative issue for happiness and miseries. [130-131]

Components accountable for happiness and miseries

As a matter of reality no happiness or distress will be induced with out the Soul, the sense organs, thoughts, mind, and objects of sense. It’s only the four-fold mixture which is related as a causative issue of happiness and miseries (that’s to say the healthful mixture is required to be adhered to and the unwholesome one to be given up for the upkeep of fine well being). [132]

Two forms of contacts
Tactile contact and psychological contact are the 2 forms of contacts which result in  happiness and miseries. [133]

Happiness and miseries brought on by Lust
Happiness and miseries result in lust within the type of likes and dislikes respectively. Then once more this lust is accountable for happiness and miseries it’s lust which gathers elements, which function substrata for happiness and distress. Until such elements are gathered, there shall be no contact in anyway and there will be no happiness or miseries with out such contact. [134-135]
Learn – Jnana and Karma Indriyas: Organs Of Sense And Operate

Websites of sensations
The thoughts and the physique along with the sense organs unique of Kesha (hair), Loman (small hair), tip of the nail, ingested meals, excreta, excretory fluids and objects of sense are the websites of manifestation of happiness and miseries. [136]

Yoga and Moksha

Recurrence of all sensation is checked by means of Yoga and Moksha. Absolutely the eradication of sensation is attained by means of Moksa. The Yoga is a method to realize Moksha. [137]

What’s Yoga?
Happiness and miseries are felt due the contact of the Soul, the sense organs, thoughts and the objects of senses. Each most of these sensations disappear when the thoughts is concentrated and contained within the Soul as a result of no actions occur when this occurs. The individual would then achieve management over his thoughts and senses. The physique and thoughts attain supernatural powers. The sages properly versed on this science name this state as Yoga. [138-139]

Eight super-natural powers of Yogin
Getting into different’s physique
Thought studying
Doing issues at will
Tremendous-natural imaginative and prescient
Supernatural audition
Miraculous reminiscence
Unusual brilliance and
Invisibility when so desired – these are the eight supernatural powers attained by these working towards Yoga. All that is achieved by means of the purity of the thoughts free from Rajas and Tamas. [140-141]
Learn – Well being Advantages Of Yoga: Thoughts And Physique


Moksha or salvation is nothing however an absolute detachment of all contacts by advantage of the absence of Rajas and Tamas within the thoughts and annihilation of results of potent previous actions. This can be a state after which there shall be no extra bodily or psychological contacts. [142]

Means for attainment of Moksha
The next serves as means to attainment of Moksha:
Due devotion to noble Souls
Maintaining away / ending of the corporate of depraved / unhealthy folks
Observing sacred vows and rituals
Pursuit of the foundations of fine conduct
Compliance with scriptural prescriptions
Scriptural data
Liking for lonely dwelling
Detachment from the objects of sense
Striving for moksha (Salvation)
Absolute psychological management and holding on to braveness
Abstinence from the efficiency of acts resulting in good and sinful results
Annihilation of the results of past-actions
Need to get away from the worldly lure
Absence of egoistic disposition
Being afraid of contacts of the Soul, with the thoughts, mind, senses and so on
Focus of the thoughts and mind within the Soul and
Evaluate of religious information
All this may be attained by advantage of the fixed remembering of the truth that the Soul is completely different from the physique and the latter has nothing to do with the previous. [143-146]
Learn – Moksha – The Final Religious Liberation

Support to Reminiscence
The regime prescribed in verses above, starting with devotion to the noble individuals and ending with absolute psychological management (gadgets 1-10) function an help to good reminiscence if one solely remembers the true nature of issues he eliminates miseries. [147]

Causative elements of reminiscence

The next are the elements that carry a few good reminiscence:
Data of trigger (of a factor and occasion and so on)
Data of type (e.g after seeing Gavaya within the forest one remembers a cow having an identical type)
Data of similarity (e.g. on seeing a son one remembers his father having related type)
Data of distinction (e.g having seen an unsightly type one remembers a fantastic type)
Focus of thoughts
Attainment of metaphysical data and
Subsequent partial communication of an occasion
A reminiscence is nothing however the remembrance of issues immediately perceived, heard (from scriptures) or skilled earlier. [148-149]

Energy of Reminiscence for Salvation

The facility of metaphysical reminiscence constitutes one of the best ways of liberation, as proven by the liberated ones. Individuals following this manner don’t come again to worldly traps. That is once more one of the best ways to the attainment of Yoga (communion with God) in addition to Moksha (salvation). That is what the Yogins, the virtuous ones, the followers of the Sankhya system, and the liberated ones say. [150-151]

Actual data

Any issues that has a trigger constitutes distress, it’s alien and ephemeral. It’s not produced  by the soul (Atman); however one has obtained a sense of its possession till one has obtained an actual data to the impact that that is one thing completely different from him; and isn’t his personal. As quickly as one is aware of it, he eliminates all (miseries). [152-153]

Attainment of ultimate renunciation

As quickly as the ultimate renunciation in respect of all subsequent actions is attained, the very consciousness along with its last causes within the type of indeterminate, determinate or scriptural data is totally eradicated. [154]

The state thereafter
When every kind of pains finish, when every kind of data stop to exist, and when the person soul merges with the better soul, there shall be no existence of emphereal / particular person soul. Subsequently, he is not going to be out there in any type. He shall be free from all of the entities (8 prakriti and 16 vikriti) and he doesn’t even depart any indication (inspiration, expiration and so on) of his Existence. That is what that properly versant within the data of Brhman says. It’s inconceivable for an ignorant individual to know this. [155]
Learn – 40 Methods To Attain Salvation As Per Ayurveda – Nivrutti

To sum up:
On this chapter on “the varied division of the Empirical Soul and so on., as conducive to the understanding of the physique” 23 essential questions relating to the Empirical Soul have been answered by the enlightened seer. [156]

Thus ends the primary chapter on “the Divisions of the Empirical Soul and so on, as conducive to the understanding of the physique” of the Sharira part of Agnivesha’s work as redacted by Charaka. [1]

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