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Charaka Shareera Sthana sixth Chapter Shareera Vichayam Shaareeram

sixth chapter of Charaka Shareera sthana offers with “information of the main points of the Physique”. The chapter identify is Shareera Vichayam Shaareeram.

Learn – Shaareera: Ayurvedic Examine Of Anatomy And Physiology

Structure of Physique

We will now expound the chapter on ‘information of the main points of the Physique” as conducive to its understanding. Thus stated Lord Atreya [1-2]

Utility of the detailed information of physique

Detailed information of physique:
Detailed information of the human physique is conducive to the wellbeing of the person. Understanding of the components that represent the physique gives information relating to the components that are chargeable for its wellbeing. It’s due to this that consultants reward the information of the main points of the physique (and demand that one has a radical information of the identical). [3]

Composition of physique – outcomes of their concordance and discordance

The physique which is maintained in a state of equilibrium represents the conglomeration of things derived from 5 Mahabhutas and that is the positioning of manifestation of consciousness. When Dhatus on this physique turns into conflicting then there’s illness or destruction (of the physique). Aggravation or diminution of dhatus both partially or of their entirety constitutes this discordance. [4]

Dhatus having mutually reverse qualities bear improve and reduce concurrently. A factor which will increase a specific Dhatu can be chargeable for the lower of the Dhatu having reverse high quality. [5]
Learn – Shareera: Formation Of Human Physique, Ayurvedic Idea

Sustaining equilibrium of Dhatus is the thing of remedy

Due to this fact, medical therapies when correctly administered concurrently carry each the diminished and elevated Dhatus to their regular state by lowering the elevated ones and rising the diminished ones. [6]

Upkeep of equilibrium of Dhatus

Whereas administering therapies and likewise whereas resorting to regimens for the upkeep of constructive well being equilibrium of Dhatus is looked for because the ‘finish consequence’.
Even wholesome individuals ought to correctly use healthful meals with applicable style and attributes and likewise meals processed correctly with an intention to take care of the equilibrium of Dhatus.
After taking the meals dominated by explicit attributes, it’s fascinating to neutralize their results by resorting to the regimens that are contradictory to them. [7]
Learn – Significance Of Food plan (Pathya) For Particular Ailments

Directions for sustaining equilibrium

Equilibrium of dhatus gives constructive well being. To take care of this equilibrium one ought to comply with the under talked about advices –

  • One ought to correctly resort to such actions and take such meals that are opposite to the locality, season and bodily structure of the person. For instance, one ought to take pleasure in sleep whereas residing in a desert; one ought to resort to train in the course of the spring season; a person with a fatty physique ought to resort to train and vigil in extra.
  • One ought to chorus from extreme utilization, flawed utilization and non-utilization of the time, mind and objects of senses.
  • One shouldn’t suppress manifested urges and
  • One ought to chorus from exhibiting power past one’s actual capability. [8]

Meals and Dhatus

Dhatus (tissue components) contained in the physique of the person get elevated by the ordinary use of meals preparations that are both of comparable attributes or are dominated by such attributes. Routine use of meals having reverse qualities or having the dominance of such reverse qualities reduces the Dhatus. [9]
Learn – Consuming Etiquette: Ayurvedic Wholesome Consuming Guidelines

Attributes of Dhatus within the Physique

Guru (heaviness)
Laghu (lightness)
Shita (coldness)
Usna (warmth)
Snigdha (unctuousness)
Ruksa (roughness)
Manda (dullness)
Tiksna (sharpness)
Sthira (immobility)
Sara (mobility / circulation)
Mrdu (softness)
Kathina (hardness)
Visassa (non sliminess)
Picchila (sliminess)
uksma (minuteness)
Sthula (bulkiness, stoutness)
Sandra (density) and
Drava (liquidity)
Learn – Gurvadi Gunas – 20 Qualities Of Substances As Per Ayurveda

These are the twenty attributes of physique tissues which account for his or her improve or lower. By the ordinary use of heavy meals preparations the Dhatus that are heavy (having heaviness attribute / high quality) get elevated, and people that are mild (having lightness attribute / high quality) get diminished. Equally by the continued use of lighter meals the tissues that are mild get elevated and the tissues that are heavy get decreased.
Equally, all Dhatus get elevated by means of substances having related properties and get diminished by means of these having reverse properties. Following the identical precept – by consumption of meat the muscle tissues within the physique would improve compared to the opposite tissues. Equally blood tissue will increase by blood, adipose tissue would improve by fats, consumption of muscle fats will increase the identical tissue i.e. muscle fats, consumption of cartilage will increase bone tissue, the bone marrow tissue would improve on consumption of bone marrow, semen would improve on consumption of semen and the foetus would improve by consumption of amagarbha i.e. immature foetus akin to an egg. [10]
Learn – Ayurvedic Food plan And Life-style For Pregnant Girl

Administration of components having predominance of attributes

  • If a specific tissue component is to be elevated and the homologous dietary articles can’t be taken due to their non-availability, hateful disposition or another trigger, then meals preparations of various nature however having the predominance of the attributes of the Dhatu to be promoted must be used. (Sure examples on this connection are given under)
  • When there’s a deficiency of semen, milk, ghee and such different substances recognized to be candy, unctuous and chilly must be administered with a view to advertise.
  • For treating a affected person affected by the diminution of urine, sugarcane juice, Varuni kind of wine, Manda (skinny gruel) liquid issues and substances having candy, saline and bitter tastes and of sticky nature are to be administered.
  • For treating a affected person affected by the diminution of feces, Kulmasha (paste of barley combined up with scorching water and barely boiled in order from a cake), Masha (Phaseolus Radiatus Linn), Kuskunda (Mushroom), Ajamadhya (center portion of the goat consisting of intestines and different stomach viscera), yava (barley), leafy greens and Dhanyamla (bitter fermented liquor from rice gruel) ought to give.
  • For the remedy of sufferers affected by the diminution of Vata, substances having pungent, bitter an astringent tastes and dry, mild and cooling property must be administered.
  • For the remedy of affected person affected by the diminution of Pitta, substances having bitter, saline and pungent tastes and alkaline, scorching and sharp properties must be administered and
  • For the remedy of sufferers affected by the diminution of Kapha, substances having candy style, unctuous, heavy, dense and slimy properties must be administered.
  • Even all these actions which might improve these dhatus must be resorted to. Equally different Dhatus also needs to be both elevated or decreased by the administration of homologous and non- homologous substances in applicable time. Thus the components which improve of lower all of the Dhatus are described – some Dhatus are individually described and for remaining Dhatus, the precept laid down right here must be utilized. [11]

Elements chargeable for progress of physique

The next components are chargeable for the expansion of the physique in its entirety. 

  1. Alternative; for instance, youth is the right time for the expansion of the person. Throughout younger age, it’s the specificity of the time which is chargeable for the expansion of the person.
  2. Beneficial disposition of the character; for instance, outcomes of the unseen (previous) actions are additionally chargeable for the expansion of particular person’s physique
  3. Excellence of the properties of meals and
  4. Absence of inhibiting components; for instance, extreme indulgence in intercourse and psychological affliction inhibits the expansion of the person’s physique [12]
    Learn – Brumhana Remedy – Nourishing Ayurvedic Therapy Precept

Elements chargeable for promotion of power

The next components are chargeable for the promotion of power:

  • Start in a rustic the place individuals are naturally robust;
  • Start at a time when individuals naturally achieve power
  • Beneficial disposition of time (nice and average local weather)
  • Excellence of the qualities of the seed (sperm) and Ashaya (ovum and uterus) of the mother and father;
  • Excellence of the ingested meals
  • Excellence of the physique
  • Excellence of the Satmya (wholesomeness of assorted components chargeable for the upkeep of the physique)
  • Excellence of the thoughts
  • Beneficial disposition of the character
  • Train and
  • Cheerful disposition [13]
    Learn – Train Timing, Advantages, Facet Results, Ayurvedic Administration

Elements chargeable for transformation of meals

Warmth (Pitta), Vata (air, wind), moisture, unctuousness, time of digestion and applicable administration – these components are chargeable for the transformation (digestion, assimilation and metabolism) of meals. [14]

Particular actions of reworking components

Elements described within the above verse that are stated to be chargeable for transformation (digestion, assimilation and metabolism) carry out the next particular motion:

  • Pitta (warmth) digests
  • Vata transports meals nearer to Pitta for digestion
  • Moisture loosens the meals particles
  • Unctuousness softness the components
  • Time carry in regards to the maturity of the method of digestion and
  • Applicable administration of meals brings about equilibrium of Dhatus [15]
    Learn – Understanding Digestion Course of From An Ayurveda View

Transformation of attributes

In the course of the means of transformation, the attributes of meals components assume the attributes of (or turn into homologous with) such of the tissue components of the physique as will not be contradictory on nature. When they’re contradictory, properties of 1 act in opposition to the opposite in the course of the means of interplay ensuing within the decay of the physique [16]

Two classes of bodily attributes

Attributes of the physique are once more of two classes, viz. Prasada (pure substance) and Mala (impurities). Of them, these which trigger obstruction or troubles within the physique are known as as mala. Substances that are produced in varied orifices and channels of the physique, that are divergent kinds and are within the means of being eliminated out of the physique, the wastes / putrefied supplies of the eyes, ears and nostril, the blood and different tissues which have gotten suppurated and have acquired the type of pus, vitiated Vata, Pitta and Kapha and such different substances which whereas current within the physique causes its destruction belong to this class.
All of them come beneath the class of Mala (impurities) and the remaining is Prasada (Pure substance). The latter (prasada) are labeled into seven classes i.e. the tissues starting with Rasa (plasma) and ending with Shukra (semen). They are often labeled into twenty classes on the idea of their attributes starting with Gurutva (heaviness) and ending with Dravatva (fluidity). Due to this fact the seven tissues and twenty attributes (qualities) when are in a state of stability and never producing the ailments are thought of as prasada bhaga i.e. pure substances of the physique. [17]
Learn – Dhatu Mala: Tissue Waste Merchandise: Ayurveda perspective

Vitiation by Doshas

Of all these, Vata, Pitta and Kapha naturally have the capability to vitiate issues (tissues of the physique). When these doshas get vitiated by exogenous components they’d vitiate the opposite components of the physique (together with the tissues).

Indicators and signs of the vitiation of assorted Dhatus in numerous occasions have already been described within the 28th chapter of Sutra part. Such are the manifestations of the vitiated Doshas after they are available in contact with the tissue components of the physique.
When in regular state, Vata and so on; are chargeable for the upkeep of the well being of the person. So a clever man ought to attempt to maintain the doshas of their regular state. [18]

The doctor, who’s all the time conversant with the assorted facets of the complete physique, can be very proficient in Ayurveda – which may bestow happiness and well being to the complete universe. [19]
Learn – Function Of Doshas As Tissues and Waste Merchandise (Dhatu And Malaroopa Of Doshas)

Question about foetus

Whereas Lord Atreya was imparting the above directions, Agnivesha requested, “We’ve got heard your expositions on the physique.  Now we want to hear the next:
Which of the organs of the foetus is manifested first within the pelvis of the mom?
The place does the face of the foetus lie within the uterus and what posture does it keep inside?
By which meals is it nourished and the way does it come out?
What are the meals and regimens that are chargeable for its quick demise after delivery?
What are the components that assist in the expansion of the foetus with none illness?
Whether or not the ailments afflicting the foetus is attributable to Gods and so on or not?
What’s your opinion relating to the well timed or premature demise of the foetus?
What’s the span of its life? and
What components are chargeable for the upkeep of the lifespan? “[20]

Views of Sages about ‘organs to be fashioned first’ in a foetus

Lord Punarvasu Atreya replied to Agnivesha, “Within the fourth chapter of this part coping with the formation of embryo, the style through which the foetus is fashioned within the uterus of the mom and the mode of manifestation of its varied organs are already described. However there are numerous sorts of controversies on such issues amongst all of the sages who’re authors within the topic. They’re enumerated under:

Sl No Identify of the sage Opinion relating to the primary organ of the foetus fashioned / manifested
1 Kumarashira Bharadvaja noticed that the top of the foetus is first manifested within the uterus as a result of it’s the receptacle of all sense organs
2 Kankayana, the doctor from Bahlika, coronary heart being the receptacle of consciousness is first fashioned
3 Bhadrakapya Nabhi (umbilicus) is first fashioned because it serves the means to supply nourishment to the foetus
4 Bhadrashaunaka rectum positioned close to the colon is first fashioned since that is the positioning for Vata
5 Badisa fingers and ft are first fashioned being the devices of the person for his actions
6 Janaka of Videha sense organs being the receptacles of senses are first fashioned
7 Marici Kasyapa it’s not doable to make any assertion about first formation of any organs as they can’t be noticed straight
8 Dhanvantari all of the organs are fashioned concurrently

The view of Dhanvantari is right as all of the organs like coronary heart and so on. are (truly) fashioned concurrently. In keeping with Atreya, it’s true that the guts is the origin of all organs and the receptacle of sure phenomena. So the formation of all different organs doesn’t happen earlier than the formation of the guts. So, all these organs like coronary heart and so on are fashioned concurrently. All phenomena are in reality inter-dependent. So the view of Dhanvantari is quiet right and must be acceptable by all. [21]
Learn – Involvement Of Doshas In Formation Of Organs

Posture of the foetus

The foetus lies within the uterus with its face in direction of the again of the mom, head upwards and limbs folded and wrapped up by the placenta. [22]

Thirst and starvation of foetus

The foetus is free from thirst and starvation. It’s dependent upon the mom for all its actions. It lives upon the nourishment by the method of Upasneha (exudation) and Upasveda (conduction of warmth). A few of its organs are effectively manifested and a few others will not be so. It attracts nourishment by the method of exudation typically by the holes within the hair follicles and typically by the channels of umbilical twine.
The umbilical twine of the foetus is connected to the umbilicus and the placenta to the umbilical twine. The placenta is in flip linked with the guts of the mom. The center of the mom floods the placenta (with nourishment) by the pulsating vessels. This rasa (nutritive fluid) promotes power and complexion of the foetus as a result of it’s composed of all of the tastes.
Rasa (digestive product of meals) of the pregnant lady serves three functions i.e. 

  1. Nourishment of her personal physique
  2. Lactation and
  3. Development and improvement of the foetus being supported by that meals

The foetus that’s dependent upon the mom retains residing inside (the uterus). [23]
Learn – Conception And Formation Of Fetus As Per Ayurveda

Strategy of supply

In the course of the time of supply, the foetus turns its head downloads by advantage of the Prasuti Maruta (Vayu which regulates the method of ship) and will get delivered by the vaginal path. That is the conventional state of affairs. Conditions apart from this represent abnormality. After supply the kid is free in its motion. [24]

Elements chargeable for correct progress of foetus

The food plan and routine described within the 8th chapter of this part, if adopted, promotes the expansion of foetus with out inflicting any morbidity.
The identical food plan and regimens inappropriately administered would possibly destroy the foetus instantly after delivery because the wind and solar destroy a planted tree whose roots will not be but firmly established. [25-26]
Learn – Month-to-month Growth Of Fetus – Ayurvedic perspective

Justifications for the existence of ailments attributable to divine displeasure

Can ailments within the foetus be precipitated because of the displeasure of Gods and different divine entities?

It is likely to be doable. The explanations / proofs are as talked about under –

  • The outline of the identical has been given by the clever individuals and authors in varied treatises
  • Sight of surprising occasions like super- pure power, information, appeal and so on
  • Particular nature of the etiologic, indicators, signs and remedy and
  • There are specific ailments which don’t correspond to the aggravation of any of those Doshas [27]

Well timed and Premature demise

Our views on the existence and non-existence of well timed and premature demise are as follows:
“Whosoever dies would die on time as a result of the time has no void in anyway (time is shifting continually with out interruption)”. That is what some students say. However this not right. Time having or not having void, each are incorrect. Time has a definite function of its personal which doesn’t admit any void or absence thereof in its definition.
Some others say “Each time one dies, he dies on the appointed hour of demise. Being free from hatred or attachment, time offers equally with all creatures (so demise all the time happens on the predestined second),” this additionally is solely distortion of info.
The truth that everyone dies doesn’t show the equality in temporal actions.

Whether it is stated that the time when one dies is the time predetermined for this demise, then each motion of life as and when it happens will be taken as pre-determined in respect of time. However this additionally shouldn’t be true. In keeping with this principle all actions ought to occur at a hard and fast and predetermined time. However this won’t occur as a rule. Even virtually we will see that premature meals; speech and motion will yield worst outcomes and when the identical are carried out well timed the consequences will likely be good and fascinating.
One may observe via direct notion manifestation of assorted components relying upon their well timed or premature motion. For instance, such and such is the opportune or inopportune time for such and such ailments, meals, ‘drugs, remedy and remission.

Even a layman talks in these phrases, akin to, it rains on time or in any other case; it’s chilly or scorching on time or in any other case; flowers and fruits of the tree have occurred in time of in any other case. So each the issues equally maintain good. Due to this fact, demise happens in time. If there was no premature demise, then the span of each one would have been mounted and subsequently the information of healthful and unwholesome objects could be of no use in any respect. The supply of information like notion, inference and verbal testimony accepted in all scriptures would stop to be sources of information as a result of all these sources of information clearly show that there are components that are conducive to longevity and in any other case so the assertion of some Rshis to the impact that premature demise can not happen is confined to phrases solely (and to not info). [28]
Learn – Kala – The Time Issue

Elements chargeable for upkeep of regular span of life

Within the Kali age the conventional span of life (of human beings) is 100 years. The components chargeable for the upkeep (of the conventional span) of life are:

  • Prakrti Sampat i.e. state of stability and excellence of Doshas within the structure of the person
  • Guna Sampat i.e. excellence of the compactness of the physique and excellence of hereditary qualities; and
  • Atmasampt i.e. virtuous acts conducive to longevity. [29-30]
    Learn – Ayu – That means, Rationalization, Varieties Of Lifespan

To sum up:
The next 9 matters are duly mentioned by the nice sage on this chapter on the “Data of the Particulars of the Physique” is conducive to its understanding:

Definition of Sharira (physique) the way in which how it’s troubled resulting in illness and destruction:
Enhance or lower of Dhatus
Therapy of poor Dhatus
Elements chargeable for the expansion of physique
Elements chargeable for the digestion and metabolism of meals
Elements which assist in the digestion and metabolism of meals
The mode of motion of every of the above talked about components
Mala (impurities) and Prasada (Pure) kind of Dhatus and varied queries [31-34]

Thus ends the sixth chapter of Sharira part on “the information of the Particulars of the Physique as conducive to its understanding “of Agnivesha’s work as redacted by Charaka. [6]

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