These days, nearly all of the world’s inhabitants resides in cities. Nonetheless, farming nonetheless takes place within the countrysides. On account of this, our meals travels 1000’s of miles to succeed in us. Throughout this era, vegatables and fruits lose many vitamins; for instance, spinach loses round 50-90% of its vitamin C inside 24 hours of being harvested.
Vitamin C, E, and B are all essential antioxidants that defend in opposition to illnesses. These nutritional vitamins are extremely time-sensitive. Due to this fact, folks dwelling in cities are usually not consuming meals as nutritious as they assume they’re.
Ideally, meals have to be grown proper the place folks dwell. Doing so wouldn’t solely give us larger high quality meals merchandise, however it might additionally assist fight the meals waste downside as extra of the meals produced would go on to individuals who want it.
Based on a examine performed by the Meals and Agriculture Group of the United Nations, round 40% of the meals is wasted attributable to pre and post-harvest losses. This can be a important quantity in a world the place many households sleep hungry.
In cities, at the moment, most individuals don’t develop their very own meals. Consequently, centralized meals manufacturing dominates our methods in such a method that most individuals not know the place their tangerines and tomatoes originate.
At the moment, many modern farmers are pressured to adapt their farming methods to compete globally. Which means that they need to use each resource-dependent methods and give attention to producing extra with the assistance of equipment like tractors, chemical substances corresponding to fertilizers and pesticides, non-natural GMO seeds, and different strategies that exploit folks and the planet.
Decentralization of agriculture is the only answer to a lot of the issues mentioned above. Decentralized agriculture has the potential to develop enough and high quality meals and feed the world.
Advantages of Decentralized Agriculture System
• Discount in meals waste
• Larger dietary content material in meals
• Higher tasting meals
• Yr-round manufacturing (if utilizing trendy indoor applied sciences to develop good)
• A lot decrease impression of pests and illnesses
• Avoiding foodborne sicknesses
• Decrease prices
• Decrease carbon footprint
• Greener cities
• Extra houses for birds
• Higher utilization of accessible sources
• No scarcity of meals in disaster (for instance, COVID-19 hampered meals provide chain)
• Lesser air pollution in cities
• Lesser water requirement (if utilizing trendy indoor applied sciences to develop good)
How one can Implement a Decentralized Agriculture System?
Rising crop manufacturing from a restricted quantity of land is what we want now. Vertical farming certainly makes essentially the most environment friendly use of sources and offers a formidable yield.
Vertical farming helps farmers decrease the quantity of land vital for crop manufacturing by utilizing superior rising strategies corresponding to hydroponics and aeroponics on their skyscrapers above floor as a substitute. Not solely does this assist enhance crop yields, but it surely additionally helps make the world greener.
Hydroponics, aeroponics, and aquaponics are new applied sciences which can be attaining huge reputation in quite a few international locations, primarily within the U.S. Meals may be grown year-round and in numerous climates. Plus, they’re environment friendly and higher for the atmosphere, and so they assist cut back the quantity of meals shipped from farm to desk.
These are nice choices for individuals who do not have the area to develop their very own meals, both as a result of they dwell in an house advanced or city space the place land is dear or as a result of they dwell in a rural space with restricted land. Furthermore, folks get larger high quality contemporary meals by rising the meals by themselves.
One other factor we will go for in our own residence is to begin a mini kitchen backyard. There aren’t too many necessities for area, and one may even begin with a small pot or in balconies. Many terrace areas is also transformed into edible gardens. Metropolis dwellers who’ve fewer areas may begin with sprouts or microgreens as a substitute.
The worldwide indoor farming know-how market is anticipated to succeed in $12.76 billion by 2026, with a CAGR of 14.80% through the forecast interval 2021-2026. The indoor farming market is predicted to develop strongly over the subsequent few years, pushed mainly by rising shopper consciousness relating to wholesome and contemporary meals.
A number of key gamers working within the trade embrace Agrilyst, Aerofarms, American Hydroponics, Autogrow Methods Ltd., Argus Management System Ltd., Normal Hydroponics Inc., Freight Farms, GE Lighting, Illumitex, Sensible Hashish Corp., and Signify N.V.
Because the demand for amount and high quality meals continues to rise, so will the necessity for a decentralized agriculture system. The market is predicted to develop considerably over the subsequent few years, and indoor farming know-how will probably be a necessary a part of the answer to provide the entire meals that the worldwide inhabitants wants.