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Is newer higher? What you most likely do not learn about OM5 multi-mode fiber (Half 2)


Understanding the Distinction Between OM4 and OM5, Half 2

Partly two of this two-part weblog, we describe a multi-mode fiber metric to point out when to make use of OM4 and when to make use of OM5. Half one reviewed the important thing traits of the multi-mode fibers specified by the ISO/IEC 11801 normal.

Written by: Priya Maratukulam, Product Supervisor, Cisco Optics

Every successive technology of multi-mode fiber specified by ISO/IEC 11801 offered efficiency enhancements. OM1 and OM2 have been designed for LEDs (Mild Emitting Diodes), whereas OM3 was the primary fiber designed to be used with VCSELs (Vertical Cavity Floor Emitting Lasers). OM4, additionally focusing on VCSELs, supplied additional enchancment, supporting 100 Gb/s Ethernet over distances of as much as 150 m. It appears cheap to imagine that OM5 fiber would offer one more efficiency enhance. That’s not essentially the case, nonetheless. Learn on to find why.

Efficient Modal Bandwidth

Multi-mode fiber has a wider core diameter that permits it to assist gentle propagating via the fiber over a number of paths (additionally described by spatial modes). The pace at which gentle in these modes travels varies relying upon the properties of the fiber within the optical path. DMD (Differential Mode Delay) quantifies propagation delay launched for various optical modes excited throughout the diameter of the fiber.

For contemporary multi-mode fibers designed to be used with VCSELs, the EMB (Efficient Modal Bandwidth) is the metric used to outline the fiber’s capability. EMB is a frequency-length product and is outlined in ISO/IEC 11801 for a selected size of fiber at a selected measurement wavelength, expressed in models of MHz×km (see Desk 1). EMB is a calculated metric that’s depending on DMD and the output of the laser.

Desk 1: ISO/IEC 11801 Efficient Modal Bandwidth specification

OM5 vs. OM4

Which brings us to the comparability between OM5 and OM4.

Recall that EMB is outlined for a selected size of fiber at a selected measurement wavelength, and it varies with wavelength. The TIA normal for OM4 solely calls out a bandwidth at 850 nm (4700 MHz×km). There isn’t any bandwidth specification at some other wavelength. Because of this, bandwidth can fluctuate amongst completely different commercially accessible OM4 fibers at wavelengths outdoors of 850 nm.

OM5 additionally has a requirement of 4700 MHz×km at 850 nm. However in distinction to OM4, it extends its requirement to 953 nm (2470 MHz×km). This ensures that every one OM5 fibers will meet a minimal efficiency stage as much as 953 nm.

Which one is healthier?

A pure assumption can be that the newer technology OM5 helps longer attain than OM4. That’s true just for particular conditions. A multi-wavelength transceiver that features longer wavelengths like 940 nm can leverage OM5’s EMB specification at longer wavelengths. If used with OM4, the attain for this particular transceiver isn’t decided. It could possibly be worse than OM5, or it’d even be higher.

So which one is the higher possibility, OM4 or OM5? It relies upon. It’s an engineering truism that there’s no excellent resolution, solely the perfect resolution for the applying at hand. For instance, if a campus community operator wants 40 Gb/s speeds over 440 m, they need to contemplate OM5 with a multi-wavelength transceiver. For the overwhelming majority of shorter attain purposes, multi-mode transceivers which have a single working wavelength at 850 nm are a good selection, and there’s no efficiency advantage of OM5 over OM4. Take into account all features of your system, together with value and attain necessities, and solely then make your selection.

For extra particulars on this topic, see the whitepaper, “Understanding the Variations Between OM4 and OM5 Multimode Fiber.”

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