By Dr Raghuram Y.S. MD (Ay) & Dr Manasa, B.A.M.S
Our physique is made up of seven tissues. They’re – lymph / plasma, blood, muscle groups, fats, bones, bone marrow and semen. These tissues not solely kind the anatomical make of our physique but in addition would offer the primary and finest line of protection. The more healthy the tissues, the more healthy are our physique and thoughts. The well being, structural and purposeful stability of our tissues additionally determines our immunity, health, compactness and endurance.
Sara = essence / richness / substance / energy / superlative high quality
Pariksha = examination
Examination of the essence and high quality of tissues is essential within the medical examination of the affected person. Sara pariksha is one among the many tenfold affected person examination defined by Grasp Charaka.
Learn – 10 Components Of Affected person Examination – Dasha Vidha Atura Pareeksha
Evaluation of Sara pareeksha
When any specific tissue is wealthy in its essence and qualities they might present the indicators of their richness. These indicators are known as sara lakshanas or indicators of richness of that exact tissue. These indicators are tissue particular and have been enlisted individually in our classics. They assist the doctor to search out out which tissue is wealthy in its essence during which particular person.
Specific particular person enriched with the standard and amount of a specific tissue shall be declared to have the sara of that exact tissue. Instance – if the blood tissue is wealthy in a given particular person it is going to be discovered due to presence of indicators of richness of essence of this specific tissue i.e. rakta sara lakshanas. Such an individual shall be known as as raktasara purusha i.e. an individual having richness of essence of blood tissue.
Learn – Dhatu – 7 Physique Tissues As Defined In Ayurveda
Do all folks have a richness of all tissues?
No, all individuals won’t have richness of all tissues. There shall be predominance of 1 or the opposite tissues over the opposite tissues and that may demarcate its richness compared to the opposite tissues.
Is richness of 1 tissue equal to extend in tissue?
Improve in tissue is a pathological situation (dhatu vriddhi). The richness of essence of tissue is completely totally different from enhance of tissue and shouldn’t be confused with the identical. Richness of the essence of tissue is physiological and could also be genetic additionally. It signifies that one tissue is richer than the opposite. It doesn’t point out dominance of that tissue over the opposite.
Equally, when one tissue is richer, the opposite tissues usually are not poorer. The opposite tissues are additionally physiologically competent and anatomically enriched with their properties. Their richness is lesser than that of the richer tissue. Thus, the tissues which aren’t richer in a specific particular person don’t denote pathological lower. The query of relative imbalance too doesn’t come into the query.
Learn – Distinction Between The Phrases Prasada And Sara
Significance of Sara Pariksha
Generally the doctor simply by contemplating the bodily look of the affected person could fall right into a suspicion of contemplating – A well-built particular person as a robust particular person and a lean particular person as weaker particular person
The energy of an individual can’t be generalized on bodily look and construct of the affected person. This can put the doctor within the mistaken monitor when it comes to diagnosing the illnesses, analyzing the energy and endurance of the affected person, to resolve the prognosis of a illness and likewise to prescribe drugs and therapies.
Clear evaluation and research of the richness of the essence of tissue in a given particular person will assist the doctor in correctly understanding the illness, energy and endurance of the affected person and likewise will assist in making correct prognosis, analysis and implementing appropriate interventions with out leaping into mistaken conclusions.
Learn – How To Make Prognosis Of Illness In accordance To Ayurveda?
Grasp Charaka has pressured upon the examination of the richness of essence of the tissue to stop the doctor from making this error of ‘deciding the energy of the affected person on the premise of bodily look’.
Grasp Charaka additional says that on many events we get to see a skinny one who apparently appears weak will turn into stronger. Then again, we additionally see people who find themselves nicely constructed and look wholesome, match and powerful will truly be weaker individuals. Due to this fact, the energy and tolerance of the affected person doesn’t rely on the constructed and bodily look.
Grasp Charaka explains this with an instance. We get to see that the ants and small bugs despite having smaller our bodies will carry or push meals particles and issues which weigh greater than their physique. Equally, folks with smaller and thinner physique frames will be stronger and be able to doing actions past their energy. Then again, folks with greater and bigger physique frames will be weaker and won’t be able to doing even the best of duties which ought to in any other case be simpler for them to do.
That is the explanation the examination of sara ought to be carried out on the affected person and essentially included within the investigation protocol.
Learn – Roga, Rogi Pareeksha: Examination Of Illness And Affected person
Addition of Sattva Sara
The examination of richness of the essence of thoughts has additionally been included within the record of sara examination together with the examination of richness of tissues. Aside from this grasp Charaka has additionally included the examination of thoughts individually amongst the 10-fold examination of the affected person. This exhibits the significance given to the thoughts and thoughts examination by our historic seers and physicians.
Learn – Persona Varieties And Options Based mostly On Satva, Rajas, Tamas
Indicators of richness of essence of tissues and thoughts
1. Twak Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of richness of essence of rasa tissue / enriched pores and skin
a. Attribute options of individuals enriched with rasa tissue is measured on the premise of richness, high quality and well being of pores and skin. The under talked about are indicators of high-quality rasa tissue within the physique –
The pores and skin of those individuals is unctuous, easy, smooth, engaging, delicate and lustrous. Likewise, the hairs of those individuals are additionally unctuous, easy, smooth, nice, delicate, minute, much less distributed and deep rooted.
Learn – Indicators Of Good Pores and skin Well being (Twak Sara Purusha Lakshanas)
b. The particular person having enriched rasa tissue is endowed with the under talked about indicators / qualities –
|l No||Indicators of richness of rasa tissue||That means|
|1||Sukha||Consolation and happiness|
|5||Buddhi||Excessive degree of intelligence|
|6||Vidya||Good training and knowledge|
|7||Arogya||Good well being|
2. Rakta Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of richness of essence of blood tissue / enriched blood
a. The under talked about are indicators of high-quality blood tissue within the physique – The ears, eyes, face, tongue, nostril, lips, palms, soles, nails, brow and penis of the particular person are unctuous, pink, lovely and dazzling.
Learn – Indicators Of Particular person Having Enriched Blood (Rakta Sara Purusha Lakshanas)
b. The particular person having enriched blood tissue is endowed with the under talked about indicators / qualities –
|Sl No||Indicators of richness of bood tissue||That means|
|1||Sukha||Consolation and happiness|
|3||Medha||Good greedy energy|
|6||Anati balam||Much less energy and endurance|
|7||Aklesha sahishnutvam||Lack of ability ro face difficulties and hardships of life|
|8||Ushna asahishnutvam||Warmth intolerance|
3. Mamsa Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of enriched muscle groups
a. The under talked about are indicators of top of the range muscle tissue within the physique – The temples, brow, atlanto-occipital joint, eyes, cheek (higher jaw), decrease jaw, neck, shoulder, axilla, chest and joints of the limbs are secure, heavy, good wanting / engaging and nicely coated with muscle groups.
Learn – Indicators Of Particular person With Enriched Muscle Tissue (Mamsa Sara Purusha Lakshanas)
b. The particular person having enriched muscle tissue is endowed with the under talked about indicators / qualities –
|Sl No||Indicators of enriched muscle tissue||That means|
|1||Kshama||Potential to forgive others|
4. Meda Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of enriched fats
a. The under talked about are indicators of top of the range fats tissue within the physique – The complexion voice, eyes, hairs, physique hairs, nails, tooth, lips, urine and feces have extra unctuousness and look oily.
Learn – Indicators Of Particular person Having Enriched Fats Tissue (Medo Sara Purusha Lakshanas)
b. The particular person having enriched fats tissue is endowed with the under talked about qualities –
|Sl No||Indicators of enriched fats tissue||That means|
|7||Sukumara upacharata||Delicate nature and intolerance to robust therapies|
5. Asthi Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of richness of essence of bone tissue / enriched bone
a. The under talked about are indicators of top of the range bone tissue within the physique – The heels, ankles, knees, forearm, collarbones, chin, head, small joints of palms and ft, bones, nails and tooth are strong and massive.
Learn – Indicators Of Particular person Having Enriched Bones (Asthi Sara Purusha Lakshanas)
b. The particular person having enriched bone tissue is endowed with the under talked about indicators
|Sl No||High quality endowed in these having enriched bone tissue||That means|
|3||Klesha Sahatva||Endurance / tolerance to hardships of life|
|4||Sara sharira||Properly constructed physique|
|5||Sthira Sharira||Sturdy and secure physique|
6. Majja Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of richness of essence of bone marrow tissue / enriched bone marrow
a. The under talked about are indicators of top of the range bone marrow tissue within the physique – The particular person has robust physique, smooth physique components, unctuous complexion, melodious voice, distinguished, lengthy and rounded joints.
Learn – Indicators Of Particular person Having Enriched Bone Marrow Tissue (Majja Sara Purusha Lakshanas)
b. The particular person having enriched bone marrow tissue is endowed with the under talked about indicators / qualities –
|Sl No||High quality endowed in these having enriched bone marrow tissue||That means|
|5||Vijnanbhaj||Particular information of science|
7. Shukra Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of richness of essence of semen tissue / enriched semen
a. The under talked about are indicators of top of the range semen tissue within the physique – The particular person can have light look and shall be recognized together with his gentleness, can have milky white eye, good sexual capability and competence, unctuous – spherical – agency – even and compact tooth, tooth resemble Arabian jasmine, has nice – unctuous complexion and voice has lustrous look and can have distinguished gluteal components.
Learn – Shukra Sara Purusha Lakshanas – Particular person With Enriched Reproductive Tissue
b. The particular person having enriched bone semen is endowed with the under talked about indicators / qualities –
|Sl No||High quality endowed in thosehaving enriched semen tissue||That means|
|1||Stri Priyatva||Favored by ladies|
|2||Stri Upabhogitva||Enjoyment in intercourse|
8. Sattva Sara Purusha Lakshana – Indicators of richness of essence of thoughts / enriched thoughts qualities
The under talked about are indicators of top of the range thoughts or enriched thoughts qualities –
|Sl No||High quality of enriched thoughts||That means|
|1||Smritimanta||Have good reminiscence|
|5||Shuchi||Has pure physique, thoughts and ideas|
|9||Samara vikranta yodhina||Expert in warfare, valiant in battlefield, nice warriors|
|10||Tyakta vishada||Devoid of melancholy|
|11||Suvyavastitha gati||Actions and actions are nicely organized|
|12||Gambhira buddhi||Extremely intellectuals|
|13||Suvyavasthita gambhira cheshta||Their works are immensely deliberate, organized and executed|
|14||Kalyana abhiniveshinah||Dedicate themselves for the wellbeing and welfare of different folks|
Varieties of Sara based mostly on the amount of richness of essence of tissues and thoughts
1. Sarva Sara Purusha Lakshana – indicators of richness of all tissues and thoughts
Under talked about are the qualities and attribute options of individuals having richness of all of the tissues and thoughts –
|Sl No||High quality of enriched ‘all tissues and thoughts’||That means|
|1||Atibala||Immense energy and endurance|
|2||Parama sukha yuktah||Immense happiness and pleasure|
|3||Kleshasahah||Tolerates hardships of life|
|4||Sarva arambheshu atmani jata pratyayaah||They consider and are assured of reaching success in any and all works and duties they uptake|
|5||Kalyana abhiniveshinah||They’re at all times indulged in good and noble deeds|
|6||Sthira samahita sharirah||Have secure, robust and compact physique|
|7||Susamahita gatayah||Their works and actions are nicely deliberate and arranged|
|8||Sa anunada snigdha gambhira maha svarah||They’ve resonant, unctuous, deep and loud voice|
|9||Sukha Aishvarya Vitta Upabhoga||Get pleasure from pleasure, goodness and wealth|
|10||Sammana bhajo||They acquire respect within the society|
|11||Manda Jarasoh||They age slowly|
|12||Manda vikarah||The illnesses won’t afflict them or even when they afflict their depth shall be gentle, they won’t be concerned by illnesses|
|13||Prayah tulya guna vistirna apatyaya||They’ll have many kids who’re additionally adorned with related qualities and options talked about above|
|14||Chirajivinascha||Will take pleasure in longevity|
2. Asara Purusha Lakshana – qualities of individuals devoid of essence of any / all tissues and thoughts
If the qualities of richness of any of the above-mentioned tissues and thoughts usually are not present in any particular person, that particular person shall be thought-about as ‘devoid of sara’ or asara. These individuals are susceptible and vulnerable for big selection of issues and they’re at all times unwell or unhealthy. They won’t be bestowed by any good virtues present in folks having good essence of specific or all tissues and their life span shall be much less.
Learn – Energy And Immunity Of Particular person In Completely different Dosha Structure
3. Madhya Sara Purusha Lakshana – qualities of individuals having medium / average essence of tissues and thoughts
If the very best essence of some tissues is offered and a few are absent, such individuals are mentioned to have average quantities of essence of tissues and thoughts. The illnesses may also have an effect on them in average proportions. Their well being is just not good compared to these having richness of all tissues however is much better than those that have poverty of essence of tissues. These folks take pleasure in average virtues bestowed by the essence of tissues and can have average lifespan.
Thus, sara pariksha i.e. examination of the richness of the essence of tissues is essential for analyzing the amount of energy and endurance of a person / affected person. The eight kinds of sara have been defined to assist the physicians to make correct evaluation of the energy of the affected person and plan the remedy accordingly.