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Shaileya Parmelia perlata (Stone Flower) Medicinal Makes use of, Analysis


Shaileya- Parmelia perlata is a herb talked about in Ayurveda for the remedy of pores and skin ailments, cough, bronchial asthma, renal calculi, burning micturition and localized swelling. 

Latin name- Parmelia perlata Ach.
Household- Parmeliaceae

Vernacular names

Names in several languages:
Hindi name- Chadila
English name- Stone flower
Assamese name- Bojhwar
Gujarati name- Chadilo
Kannada name- Kallu huvu
Marathi name- Dagad phool
Punjabi name- Dagar da phool
Tamil name- Kalpasi
Telugu name- Rati puvu
Urdu name- Ushn

Morphology

Morphology of Parmelia perlata:
Shaileya is a small plant rising in between the rocks, tree trunks and land through-out the hilly areas of Himalaya and North east India. The outer protecting of the plant is greenish black with white colour inside. The thallus measures as much as 15cm in diameter; loosely connected to the substratum solely. It’s orbicular, grayish white, clean on higher floor. Decrease floor is blackish brown and bushy. 

Properties, half used, dosage

Medicinal properties of Parmelia perlata:
Rasa (Style) – Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)
Guna (Qualities) – Laghu (Gentle for digestion), Snigdha (Slimy in nature)
Vipaka – Katu (Undergoes pungent style after digestion)
Veerya (Efficiency) – Sheeta (Chilly)
Karma (Actions) – Kaphapitta shamaka (reduces vitiated kapha and pitta dosha)

Half used- Complete plant
Dosage-
Powder of plant- 1 to three g
Decoction- 30 to 40 ml

Chemical composition

Chemical composition of Parmelia perlata:
The drug Parmelia perlata accommodates the next chemical constituents-
Yellow pigment, Gum, Starch, Lichenin, Kryosophenic acid, Lecanoric acid, Atraric acid and Atranorine.

Makes use of of Shaileya

  • The paste of Shaileya is utilized over brow to subside headache and over space affected with pores and skin illness like itching with watery discharge, pigmentation of pores and skin and so on.
  • The freshly collected Shaileya is grounded and the paste is utilized over wound as a part of remedy.
  • The chilly infusion ready from Parmelia perlata is given in a dose of 40-50 ml to deal with diarrhea, thirst and anorexia.
  • The dried powder of the herb is blended with cow’s urine or scorching water and utilized over space with swelling as a part of remedy.
  • The dried powder of Parmelia perlata is blended with honey and given to deal with cough and bronchial asthma.
  • The decoction of Shaileya is given in a dose of 50-60 ml blended with cumin powder and sugar sweet, to deal with renal calculi and burning micturition.
  • Chilly infusion of the herb is given in a dose of 40-50 ml to deal with fever and burning sensation of the physique.
  • The chilly infusion of the herb is consumed to enhance the energy of cardiac muscle tissues.

Sanskrit verse

Indications

Conventional makes use of:
Hrudya – acts as cardiac tonic, congenial for coronary heart
Laghu – mild to digest

Indicated in –
Visha – Poisonous circumstances, poisoning
Daha –  burning sensation, as in gastritis, neuropathy, burning sensation in eyes and so on
Asra – blood problems resembling abscess, pores and skin problems, bleeding problems resembling menorrhagia, nasal bleeding and so on.
Kandu – itching, pruritis
Kushta – pores and skin ailments
Ashmari – Kidney and bladder stones
Vami – vomiting
Shwasa – bronchial asthma and persistent respiratory problems
Vrana – Ulcers, wounds
Jvara – Fever of Kapha origin.

In sheetha: pradeha of Saileya, Ela, Agaru, Kusta, Chandana and Suradaru instantaneously alleviates chilly sensation. [Cha. Su. 3/ 28]
In Shotha (vathaja shotha): oil processed with Shaileya, Kusta, Agaru, Devadaru and so on or their paste is beneficial.
In Vathavyadhis: Balathaila ready out of Balamula, Dashamula, Yava, Kulattha, Agaru, Sarjarasa, Devadaru and Shaileya is used.
[Cha.Chi. 28/152] [Su. Chi. 15/32]

In visha:
Mrithasanjeevana Agada Gutika ready out of Sprikka, Plava, Sthouneya, Shaileya, Tagara and so on. medicine known as Mrithasanjeevana Agada, which cures all forms of Visha’s.

Tarkshya Agada: Sukshma churna of Prapoundarika, Suradaru, Mustha, Kalanusarya, Sindhuvara, Shaileya, Kusta, Tagara and so on. medicine blended with cures visha circumstances.

Mahasugandhi Agada: Chandana, Aguru, Kusta, Tagara, Saileya, Trikatu, Ushira, Musta and so on. medicine blended with honey, ghee, bile of a cow and made right into a paste kind. This needs to be saved inside a shringa (horn) or receptacle fabricated from that materials.

This medication consisting of eighty-five substances is essentially the most potent of all anti-venomous treatments. It’s able to rescuing the affected person even with dropped down shoulders, sunk and upturned eyes from the jaws of dying.            [Su.Ka. 6/17]

In Bhagna (Fractures): Gandhataila ready out of Shaileya, Rasna, Amshumati, Kaseru, Natapatra, kalanusari, Rodhra, Durva, Nalada together with milk cures Vatapittaja vikaras and provides energy to the bones. [A.H. 3-27/ 40-41]

In Upadamsha (gentle chancre): Powder consisting of swarjika, Tuttha, Kasisa, Shaileya, Rasanjana and manasshila alleviate wound and its unfold. [Su.Chi. 19/45].

In Netraroga (eye ailments):
Drugs fabricated from rock salt; Triphala, Trikatu, shankhanabhi, samudraphena, shaileya and sarja are helpful in eye ailments attributable to kapha. [Cha. Chi 26/ 242].

Vakradyanjana ready by vakra (tagara), Maricha, Jata-mamsi, Saileya, Manah-sila, Patra, yasti-madhu and rasanjana is beneficial in eye ailments. [Su. U. 18/98].

Mukharoga’s (Ailments of mouth): Snaihika dhuma with Tintuka leaves, Priyala, Guggulu, sarja-rasa, saileya, bee wax and so on. medicine pounded collectively and blended with snehadravya destroys the deranged vayu and kapha and cures all affections of the mouth. [Su. Chi. 2/ 61].

In Yakshma: Chandanadya taila ready out of Chandana, Nakha, Kusta, Madhuka, Saileya, Padmaka, Manjista, Nagakesara, Silhaka, Musta, Haridra, Daruharidra, Sariva and so on medicine paste together with 4 occasions masthu and equal Laksharas destroys grahas, improves energy and luster, gives longevity and compactness, alleviates apasmara, jwara, unmade, witchcraft, inauspiciousness and is an efficient charming agent.

In Vatavyadhi: Narayana taila ready out of saileya and different medicine is used as consumption, enema, and therapeutic massage and with edibles. Males or animals affected by vata get better by its use.

It’s efficient in vata affecting decrease, center or higher half, toothache, lockjaw, torticollis (manyasthambha), galagraha, emaciation, irregular actions, weak point of sense organs, diminished semen, losing attributable to fever, deafness, stiffness of tongue, idiocy, feminine sterility, scrotal enlargement and hernia.      [Chakradatta 22/ 121-131].

In Vatavyadhi: Ashtadashashathika Prasarani taila ready out of Prasarini, saileya and so on. medicine alleviates the eighty ailments attributable to vata and people attributable to kapha, pitta and sannipata. [Chakradatta 22/ 234-244]

Shodhana (purification)
Shaileya decoction is ready with Kanjika (bitter gruel), fried after which sprinkled with decoction of Haritaki blended with jaggery and within the final it needs to be scented with numerous flowers. [Chakradata 22/ 288].

Aspect impact

No adversarial impact is understood or reported after the usage of Shaileya.

Interplay with medicines, dietary supplements

Can this be used whereas taking Homeopathic medication?
Sure. This product doesn’t react with homeopathic medication.

Can
this medication be continued whereas taking dietary supplements like multivitamin tablets,
Omega 3 fatty acids and so on?

Sure. Typically, this product goes properly with most
of the dietary dietary supplements. Nonetheless, in case you are taking a couple of product
per day, please seek the advice of your physician for an opinion.

With western
medicines
Search your
physician’s recommendation in case you are taking this product together with different western
(allopathic / fashionable) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can work together with fashionable
medication.
If each Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are suggested collectively, then it’s
greatest to take Allopathic medication first, await half-hour after which take the
Ayurvedic medication.

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines containing Shaileya:
Sarvamayantaka ghrita: This can be a medicated ghee helpful to deal with gout, Parkinson’s illness, neck stiffness, locked jaw, paralysis, thigh cramps, muscle cramps, liver ailments, dyspnea, bronchial asthma, persistent bronchitis, vaginitis, ache in urinary bladder area, belly ache, ache in chest, in all forms of fevers. That is efficient in madness and epilepsy.

Mahabala tailam: This can be a medicated oil used within the remedy of female and male infertility, gout, cough, arthritis, and so on. The oil is used each externally and internally.

Crush syrup: This can be a proprietary ayurvedic medication helpful to deal with recurrent UTI and facilitates clean diuresis.
Criston capsule:  This can be a proprietary ayurvedic medication helpful to deal with renal calculi, burning micturition, relieves colic, spasm and ache.

Analysis

Analysis articles on Parmelia perlata:
Anti- bacterial exercise: Totally different solvents resembling methanol, ethyl acetate and acetone had been used for extraction of P. perlata. The sensitivity of the check micro organism to solvent extracts of P. perlata was examined by measuring the zone of inhibition on development media and by figuring out the minimal inhibitory focus and minimal bactericidal focus.

The outcomes of the current examine point out that P. perlata has potential antibacterial compounds towards S. aureus that causes multitude of pores and skin infections amongst human beings. Growth of medicine from pure compounds may help us to fight antibiotic–resistant micro organism.

Anti- diabetic motion: The ethanol extract of the herb confirmed promising end result 21.5% at 500 mg/kg in STZ-s mannequin. Probably the most energetic fraction was chloroform fraction.

Hepato- protecting motion: Within the current examine, heapto-protective exercise of aqueous slurry of P. perlata was investigated in CCl4 intoxicated Albino Wistar rats and the outcomes had been in contrast with, Silymarin. Intraperitoneal injection of CCl4, produced a marked elevation within the degree of biochemical markers resembling Serum Glutamate Oxaloacetate Transaminase (SGOT), Serum Glutamate Pyruvate Transaminase (SGPT), bilirubin, ldl cholesterol and triglycerides. Oral administration of P. perlata aqueous slurry at 0.7 g / kg and 1.0 g / kg in CCl4 intoxicated rats confirmed marked lower within the degree of biochemical markers and outcomes had been at par with the impact proven by Silymarin.

Anti- oxidant and cytotoxicity examine: Methanolic extract of P. perlatawas ready and utilized in DPPH assay, whole phenolic content material and whole antioxidant potential assays. In vitro anti-cholesterol and cytotoxic assay utilizing HCT 116 cell traces had been carried out. The outcomes revealed that P. perlata include excessive phenolic contents and antioxidant potential.

Classical categorization

Bhavaprakasha- Karpooradi varga
Dhanvantari Nighantu- Chandanadi varga
Kaiyyadeva Nighantu- Dhatu varga

Scientific classification

Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Lecanoromycetes
Order: Lecanorales
Household: Parmeliaceae
Genus: Parmotrema
Species: P. perlatum

Sanskrit Synonyms

Shiladadru, Shilapushpa- Flowers are seen in between the rocks. That is the explanation it’s referred to as Stone flower in English.
Kalanusaryakam, Vruddha, Sthavira, Vruddha, Palita, Gruha

Controversies

  1. Another species are additionally named and used equally.
  2. Shitarasa has additionally been used its place.
  3. In Kerala isaphagul seeds (plantago ovata) are used within the place of Saileya. Nonetheless, the properties and makes use of attributed to Saileya usually are not seen in isaphagul seeds.
  4. Kala has been accepted as synonym of a number of medicine like Saileya, Tagara, and Krishnasariva.
  5. Kalanusarya is used as a synonym of saileya in some yoga’s each kalanusarya & saileya phrases have been talked about. Kalanusarya can also be used as synonym of tagara.
  6. Although it’s sheethaveeryadravya it’s used together with astaveeryadravyas.

Writer:  Dr.B.Ok.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
E mail: [email protected]
Click on to seek the advice of Dr Prashanth BK

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