As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases from

The Digitization of the Energy Grid: Substation Automation Version

Pattern Overview

Electrical substations are the constructing blocks of an power grid. They’re answerable for regulating and altering voltage ranges as electrical energy flows from producing station to client. Many had been constructed many years in the past when switching, adjustment, and information assortment had been achieved manually, however digital safety and management units have turn into extra clever. New Clever Digital Units (IEDs) can acquire and file numerous system data, course of advanced logic in microseconds, and determine whether or not to ship management instructions to switches and breakers to clear faults. The rise in data permits for higher analysis of system well being, prediction of potential issues, and a faster evaluation of faults.

Automation Duties

Substation Automation (SA) makes use of information from IEDs, management and automation capabilities throughout the substation together with management instructions from distant customers to regulate power-system units. Information is collected within the type of measured analog present or voltage values, or the open/closed standing of contact factors. This information can be utilized regionally throughout the amassing machine, despatched to a different machine in a substation, or delivered to a number of databases to be used by operators, engineers, planners, and administration.

Laptop processes and personnel use the info from IEDs to oversee and monitor the situations of the ability system. Operators and engineers can monitor the knowledge remotely or regionally, utilizing the machine.

Conventional supervisory management and information acquisition programs depend on operators to oversee the system with instructions coming from an operator console on the grasp laptop. Automation permits these command messages to be despatched to a tool to function the instrumentation and management (I&C) and power-system units. Subject personnel may management units utilizing front-panel push buttons or a laptop computer.

Because the utility grid turns into extra automated and digitized, the reliance on the supporting digital community infrastructure turns into much more essential to the reliability and effectivity of the grid. Increasing grid digitization means an even bigger cyber safety menace. Conventional substation safety approaches fall brief as a consequence of lack of visibility and centralized safety coverage enforcement.  Regulators and utilities attempt to repeatedly improve their safety posture to enhance visibility and reply to new threats.

Cisco Level of View

Primarily based on greater than a decade of collaboration with the utility {industry}, Cisco has developed options to digitize, automate, and safe substations. Over the previous six months, Cisco has launched the subsequent technology industrial routing and switching platform designed for grid modernization and substation automation. They align with the 5 ‘Web of Issues’ necessities for next-generation substation:

  • Efficiency at scale – Utilities are being requested to attach extra programs at greater capability with extra units which are streaming extra information.
  • Asset visibility and cyber menace detection – Utilizing the built-in safety capabilities of the commercial Catalyst platforms,it permits the substation community to be a safety sensor.
  • Enterprise-grade administration and automation – Substation operators are more and more managing their substations using the deep information and capabilities of Cisco’s industry-leading community safety and administration instruments.
  • Assist for {industry} protocols – The commercial Catalyst helps {industry} protocols, together with PRP & HSR for redundancy PTP timing and automation protocols suchas IEC61850, IEC104, DNP3 and Modbus, which are important to substation operations.
  • Utility internet hosting and edge computing –Substation operators are on the lookout for methods to run functions regionally of their substation LAN environments to expedite selections and scale back bandwidth on the community. The commercial Catalyst is designed with this want in thoughts, with help for Cisco IOx to energy each Cisco Cyber Imaginative and prescient and the utility’s personal functions throughout the substation LAN. Examples embody digital RTUs, safety functions, and extra.


As utilities turn into extra operationally reliant on digital energy system finish factors, they’re realizing {that a} disruption in accessing these finish factors and their information is a threat to grid reliability. Cisco may help utilities help the enterprise and technical necessities of the fashionable electrical grid by offering a safe, scalable, and extremely accessible basis together with community, compute, and safety.

For extra, go to


We will be happy to hear your thoughts

Leave a reply

Enable registration in settings - general
Compare items
  • Total (0)
Shopping cart